|World Latest Technologies of Process for Mineral Water ( Bottled
Water ) Production from Different Source of water Like Bore Hole
, Deep Well, River Water, Sea Water etc.
- CHLORINE DOSING SYSTEM: (CL2 )
Raw water may contain living micro-organisms and organics which
are objection a Membrane as it may cause fouling to deteriorate
the performance. Even water may contains ferrous which can be
oxidized to ferric oxide which is settle down in storage tank.
We have offered a Hypo chlorite dosing system for this purpose.
About 3-4 ppm of sodium hypo chlorite solution is dosed in raw
water storage tank. This reacts with water to form a hypo chlorite
acids which acts as disinfecting agent.
For this purpose one no. of HDPE hypo chlorite solution preparation
tank along with One nos. of dosing pumps are provided. Required
suction / discharge pipe work in pvc construction is provided with
isolation valves. Dosage rate is adjusted as per the actual requirement,
which may very on case to case basis
- RAW WATER STORAGE TANK : (RWST)
One No. of Raw water is required in for storage of chlorinated
water having appropriate capacity. The tank is fitted with PVC
pipe work & isolation valves and suitable type of level indicator.
- RAW WATER SUPPLY PUMP: (RWP)
A Horizontal Centrifugal type of pump in Stainless Steel construction
has been provided for supplying Raw water to Pressure Sand Filter
Unit. Necessary Suction / discharge pipe work in s.s construction
with isolation valves are also provided up to PSF Unit.
- PRESSURE SAND FILTER: (PSF)
Raw Water is first filtered by filtration unit in series prior
feeding R.O.Plant. pressure Sand Filter Unit is provided for
removal of suspended matters & turbidity from raw water.
PSF Unit is a SS vertical Pressure Vessel. Internally, it is
fitted with bottom collecting system. A uniform grades silica
quartz sand is charged on the supporting media of pebbles and
gravels. This unit is fitted with SS frontal pipe work and Multiport
Valve externally. During service cycle water is passed in down
ward direction through sand bed, thus entrapping suspended matter & turbid
particles. Over a period of time, sand bed gets chocked due to
suspended matters resulting higher pressure drop and lesser floe.
At this stage filter bed need to be backwashed.
When pressure drop across the sand bed increases beyond the specified
limit (0.5 kg/cm²) or quality of filtered water determinates,
which ever is earlier. Regeneration involves backwash & rinsing
of Sand Bed as below. For backwashing service water is passed in
reverse direction of service cycle to loosen the filtering media
bed. Due to this, entrapped suspended matters get free and comes
out along with effluent water. Backwashing is continued for about
10- 15 minutes or till the effluent coming out is clear
For Rinsing of Sand Bed : Service water is passed in down ward
direction to settle down the sand bed. The effluent water is drained
for about 5 minutes time to ensure all unclear water is drained
- ACTIVATED CARBON FILTER: (ACF)
Natural water may contain Colour, Odour, Chlorine & Organics
in different proportion, which is undesirable for potable application,
and hence, it is necessary to remove the same from water. If
raw water is chlorinated for die-infection, it is necessary to
remove the free Chlorine feeding to R.O System. Chlorine being
a strong oxidizing agent, it damages R.O. Membranes. Activated
Carbon can remove Chlorine, Odour, & Colour while passing
the water through carbon bed along with Odour & colour. This
Carbon granules having larger surface area and specific property
to absorb organics. ACF Unit is a FRP vertical pressure vessel.
Internally it is fitted with strainer on bottom collecting system.
The unit is fitted with SS frontal pipe work & MPV externally.
A granular activated carbon is charged on the supporting media
of Coarse & Fine Silex. During service cycle water is passed
in down ward direction through Carbon Bed, which removes Chlorine & Odour
When pressure drop across the Carbon Bed increased beyond the specified
limit of (0.8 kg/cm²) or quality of filter water deteriorates,
whichever is earlier the unit is isolated for regeneration. The
regeneration involves, backwashing & rinsing of Carbon Bed.
Over a period of time, life of carbon gets exhausted which can
be checked during laboratory testing. Particularly iodine value
is most important for this application. Generally carbon is replaced
once in a year.
- SMBS DOSING SYSTEM: (SMBS)
The Chlorinated water may oxidize the membrane and to avoid the
same precautionary we have provided Sodium MetaBiSulphite dosing
system Dosage rate is 4-5 mg/liter. A HDPE chemical preparation
tank with an electronics diaphragm type dosing pump is provided
- ANTI SCALENT DOSING : (ANTI SCALENT)
The hardness salts of calcium & magnesium are likely to be
precipitated if concentration exceeds its solubility limit & it
may faults the membranes resulting into scaling which ultimately
leads to poor treated water quality from R.O. System. To prevent
this a anti Scalent dosing (scale inhibitor) dosing system is
provided. Normally a scale inhabitator like Perma care 191 or
equivalent chemical is dosed in feed water. Dosage rate is 4-5
mg/liter. A HDPE chemical preparation tank with an electronics
diaphragm type dosing pump is provided for this.
- MICRON CARTRIDGE FILTER : (MCF)
This kind of Micron Cartridge Filter having Series of filtration
with the 20 Micron , 10 Micron , 5 Micron , 1 Micron , 0.45 Micron & 0.2
Micron Nominal & Absolute Micron Cartridge. This is a Consumable
Cartridge and should replace it after Days of operation. This
for Extra Safety of your Product water as it comes through the
followed filtration and there are some chances to slippages for
any particles which can be stop through the Cartridge also 1
, 0.45 , 0.2 micron cartridge filter will also take care of Bacteriological
growth up to 0.2 micron.
- HIGH PRESSURE PUMP : (HPP)
For Reverse Osmosis Process to take place feed pressure of water
need to be raised. For this purpose a Vertical Multistage Centrifugal
High Pressure Pump in S.S construction is provided R.O. System
requires operating pressure of about 14-16 kg/cm². High-pressure
pump is fitted with S.S. discharge pipe work with necessary control
valves. Necessary instruments like a High Pressure Switch, Pressure
Gauge and re-circulation valves are provided for safer operation
- REVERSE OSMOSIS SYSTEM : (ROM)
Reverse Osmosis System rejects 97 – 99% of total dissolved
solids by the principle of `Osmosis’. This system consists
of a R.O. Module assembly mounted on M.S.Skid. High pressure
rating FRP Pressure Vessel is fitted on the skid which houses
spirally wound membrane elements in series.
In RO System feed soften water is divided into two streams viz
Product & Reject water. Product water is treated water having
lesser TDS. Reject water is highly concentrated water, which is
not to be used for any purpose but drained. Feed water at elevated
pressure is first fed to first Pressure Vessel treated water is
collected in center core tube. Treated water from each membrane
is collected jointly in a common product water storage tank and
reject is drained.
For safe operation of system following instruments are provide
|Feed & Reject Pressure Gauge
||To indicate respective pressure of R.O. System.
|Feed & Reject Flow Indicator
||To indicate respective flow of R.O. System.
||To measure TDS of Raw & Treated water.
|High Pressure Switch
||For tripping high pressure pump in case of excessive feed
pressure of R.O. System.
||For counting working hours of H.P Pump/ R.O. System.
- PRODUCT WATER STORAGE TANK : (PWST)
One No. of Treated water from R.O. System is stored in a our supplied
a S.S. constructed storage tank of appropriate capacity. The
tank is fitted with S.S. pipe work & isolation valves and
suitable type of level indicator. One no. of transfer pump is
provided in S.S. material of construction to feed the water in
- MICRON CARTRIDGE FILTER – II & III
During storage, atmospheric or any other contamination may take
place in treated water. Hence, after passing water from R.O.
System, water is once again passed through a micron cartridge
filter. This is a S.S.316 Vessel fitted internally with P.P spun
micron cartridge elements having absolute ratings of 1.0 micron & 0.2
microns which removes all bacterial impurities present in the
water and make the water free of particulates.
- ULTRA VIOLET STERILIZER : (UVS)
Through R.O. treated water is free from all the micro-biological
impurities like Bacteria, Virus, etc. it may redevelop again
in water during prolonged storage. For disinfections of water
is essential for Reverse Osmosis Application before Filling & Sealing
in bottle. Hence, a online Ultra Violet Sterilizer is provided
for disinfections of R.O. treated water before filling in pre-cleaned
PET Bottles. The water to be disinfected, is passed through U.V.
System , which consists of U.V. Tubes which radiates high intensity
Ultra Violet Rays, which in turn kills the micro organisms. This
systems consists of a S.S finished surface housing with Ultraviolet
Lamps fitted in it. The water to be treated is surroundings this
tubes during treatment. An electrical systems is provided for
production of high voltage required for U.V. Rays generation.
- OZONE GENERATOR : (OZONE)
Though R.O. System rejects all the micro – organisms like
bacterial & virus and even after passing through U.V. System
it may redevelop in packed bottles over a period of time. Hence,
it is necessary to disinfect R.O.Product water prior to bottling
filling. This is very much essential to ensure good Mineral Water
Quality as per the standards. This Ozone Generator will give
your water Oxygen Rich water and remove the Bacteriological growth
and also provide you the Shelf Life of your Packed Bottle water
unless it open for some period of time. Also this Ozonation of
water can add some taste in to your treated water.
- OZONE RE-CIRCULATING TANK : (ORT)
For required ppm Ozone gas mix up in finish product water. In ozone
re-circulating tank water re-circulating by required flow rate
pump . Ventury of ozone install out let of Pump it suction ozone
and mix-up help with static mixer. This tank is provided with
one no. of re-circulating pump and one no. of product water transfer
pump to the filling section.